Taman Ayun Temple Bali - Mengwi's Empire

Taman Ayun Temple Bali


Taman Ayun Temple Bali is located in Mengwi Village, Badung Regency, about 18 km to the west of Denpasar. This is a very beautiful temple, as the name suggests (Taman Ayun means temple in a beautiful garden). In addition to its beauty, Taman Ayun Temple is also considered to have historical value, which made the local government of Bali propose to UNESCO in 2002 that this temple be included in the World Heritage List. Taman Ayun Temple is indeed a temple that is very often visited by tourists when traveling in the afternoon to Tanah Lot Temple, because this Taman Ayun tourist spot is located in Tabanan Village, so it is in the same direction as Tanah Lot which is visited by many. Included in the Tanah Lot Sunset Tour program, for those of you who want to visit Tanah Lot Temple. for those of you who want to visit Taman Ayun, you can take this tour package.


If you visit Taman Ayun Temple, here's what you need to know:


History of Taman Ayun Temple

Taman Ayun Temple is the main temple (Paibon) for the Mengwi Kingdom. This temple was built by the King of Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Putu, in Java 1556 (1634 AD). Initially, I Gusti Agung Putu built a temple in the north of Mengwi village to worship his ancestors. The temple was named Genter Park. When Mengwi grew into a large empire, I Gusti Agung Putu moved Taman Genter to the east and expanded the complex. The expanded temple was officially declared Taman Ayun Temple on Tuesday Kliwon - Medangsia the fourth month in the Javanese year 1556. To this day, every Kliwon Tuesday of the Medangsia wuku in the Javanese calendar (Saka), a piodalan (ceremony) is held at this temple to celebrate the day. so temple. The purpose and objective of the establishment of this temple by the king was so that he and the people of the Mengwi kingdom could seek blessings for the safety, welfare, and fertility of the country. It also provides opportunities for all Mengwi people to take part in religious ceremonies at Taman Ayun Temple, for example, teaching and learning, mendak sangpitara, nunas pekuluh (holy water) to eradicate pests in the fields, and others. Taman Ayun Temple was also built at the same time as a place of worship for "Pasek Rhino" to worship the spirit of Pasek Badak which is carried by all stone cadets of Bala Putra (royal warriors).



Taman Ayun Temple Restoration

Taman Ayun Temple was greatly influenced by the ups and downs of the Mengwi kingdom in 1890 AD (1812 Caka) war broke out with the King of Badung, Mengwi suffered defeat, and the king of Mengwi (tenth) "I Gusti Agung Made Agung" died in battle and the whole family was still alive and fled to the east. In 1911 AD, some of the royal family returned to Mengwi, and Taman Ayun Temple was treated again. But on Saturday, January 20, 1971 AD there was a very powerful earthquake (gejer) so many existing buildings collapsed and were damaged. a number of restoration works. A major restoration was carried out in 1937. In 1949, restoration work was carried out on the kori agung (large room), Bentar temple. A large wantilan was also built at that time. The third restoration was carried out in 1972, followed by the last restoration in 1976. For those who like to take pictures, Kori Agung (main gate) which stands majestically is an object that is very suitable as a background.



Functions of Taman Ayun Temple

Apart from being a very worthy tourist spot to visit, Taman Ayun also has other functions according to the local community, these functions are as follows:

-As a guardianship temple (Pengawatan) so that people in Mengwi village who do not have time to pray to big temples in Bali such as Besakih Temple, Uluwatu Temple, Batur Temple, Batukaru Temple, Ulundanu, and others can come to Ayun Temple Park and act as an intermediary for praying in the great temple.
-As a unifying community in Mengwi Village from various castes and blending into one who worships at Taman Ayun Temple.
-As a source of irrigation, where the temple is surrounded by a pond which is also used as water to irrigate the rice fields around the temple by the surrounding community.
-As a place of recreation and gathering of members of the ancient Mengwi kingdom.
-The local community and government recommend the existence of Taman Ayun Temple to The World Heritage Center or UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) to become one of the world heritages (world heritage).

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Last changed Aug 19 2022 at 2:04 PM o'clock

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