Ubud Monkey Forest - Sacred Monkey Sanctuary Wenara Wana Bali


Sacred Monkey Forest Sanctuary - Ubud Monkey Forest Wenara Wana


Bali Ubud Monkey Forest is a nature reserve temple complex in Ubud Bali. Its full name as written on the welcome board is the Padangtegal Mandala Sacred Monkey Forest Sanctuary for Wanara Wana Tourism. The complex houses approximately 340 (The crab-eating macaque (Macaca Fascicularis)) monkeys (32 adult males, 19 sub-adult males, 77 adult females, 122 juveniles, and 54 infants).


Monkey Forest Ubud Bali is a small rainforest inhabited by several groups of monkeys and other tropical animals. Strategically located in the main heart of Ubud Village. Monkey Forest in Balinese called Wanara Wana is spread across the island and Ubud Monkey Forest itself has a very important function for the continuity of monkey habitat in Bali. Meanwhile, the local community has an important role in maintaining this forest naturally so that all wildlife can live smoothly.


Monkey Forest Ubud Bali Location

The sacred place of Monkey Forest is located on the southern border of Ubud city about 3 km south of the city center with the main road also with the name Monkey Forest. This site can be reached from various sides besides the center of Ubud, from the eastern corner of Ubud, and from the southern area of Ubud. The distance from Kuta is about 55 km, from Sanur about 40 km, and from the Nusa Dua area about 65 km.



Wanara Wana

Wanara Wana is the name of the monkey forest in Sanskrit, as a language that once influenced the religious classes and rulers of the archipelago before falling to Islam, and only Bali which strongly maintains the tradition. It is important to treat monkeys with respect because this forest is their home and you are a guest in it. Please stay on the paved road. The monkeys can become aggressive if you invade their private area (Wanara Wana staff and researchers are occasionally seen in this area, please do not follow them.

Often seen how Balinese monkeys are breaking coconuts. If available they also like to eat bananas and papayas. Once taken please leave the fruit with the monkey. If you want to feed the monkeys, please do so with care, and if they take food from you, don't try to take it back. It is also very important that you treat the trees, plants, and other animals and structures within the Sacred Ape Forest with the utmost respect. This is a sacred area and important ecological preservation in Ubud. Enjoy the beauty and magic, while respecting what lives in it. If you have any questions or need assistance, please ask Wenara Wana personnel (identified by their green uniform) or a member of the research project.


Tri Hita Karana's Thoughts

According to Balinese Hindu thought, peace and freedom can be found in our lives only if we respect and observe the three harmonious relationships known as Tri Hita Karana with the following advice:
- The Gods blessed life and created nature and all its entities
- Nature provides sustainable support for the needs of living things
- Humans as the highest beings have an obligation to preserve mother nature which was previously only possible with a religious approach before more reasons could take over that role.


Based on the analysis of a manuscript called Pura Purana (meaning the history of a temple) which is considered sacred writing this temple was built around the 14th century during the reign of kings with palaces in the Pejeng area. If this assumption is taken, the founding of the temple will occur before 1343 AD, not at the beginning of the far left behind Gelgel Palace around the 17th century. The Sacred Monkey Forest has three temples, namely:

- Dalem Agung Temple is located in the southwest corner of the main forest area. This shrine is the most prominent in the Monkey Forest
- The Temple of the Sacred Bath is located at the bottom of the stairs close to the stream. This temple is divided into 3 courtyards (mandalas) with a pool.
- Prajapati Temple with graves is located in the southernmost part of the area.



Balinese Monkeys in Ubud Monkey Forest

Monkey Forest Ubud

The monkeys that live in this nature reserve are called Balinese monkeys, also known as long-tailed macaques. Their scientific name is Macaca Fascicularis and apart from humans, apes are the most widespread and successful of all primates. About 300 monkeys currently live in the monkey forest. There are about 35 adult men, 95 adult women, and 170 young people. These monkeys live mainly in three groups of females and males. Each of these groups tends to use different forest areas at different times of the day. All the monkeys use all of the forests. Conflict sometimes arises when two groups are in the same area. Adult males weigh up to 8 to 10 kg and have large canine teeth, broad shoulders, and facial hair that resembles a mustache. Adult females are smaller than males (4-8 kg) and have long beaded facial hair.


Groups of Balinese macaques are centered around groups of related females called "matrilines." Male macaques usually migrate from other areas and seek to associate themselves with matriline females. Both males and females have a dominant relationship, but they are not always clear or consistent. Mating can take place all year round but most babies are born during the months of May-August. Ape mothers range from very protective to very permissive with their babies. Many women who are not mothers spend time holding and caring for babies. Sometimes you'll even see a grown male "mother" too.


Ubud Monkey Forest Research and Conservation

The Ubud Monkey Forest Wildlife Sanctuary not only serves as an important component in the spiritual and daily lives of the villagers but is also the site of several research and conservation programs. The maintenance and management of special places like this attract the attention of researchers from all over the world, especially the interactions between humans and apes in these sacred places which are the subject of surveys and research.

There is no public transport to get here and getting back into town would be difficult without a prearranged ride or taxi. we have a tour program to visit this temple and dance, you can read the details here Full Day Ubud Tour. Apart from the tour packages that we offer, we from Bali Tour also offer car charter facilities to go to Monkey Forest, so you will enjoy the atmosphere more without having to rush to join the tour program, at very affordable prices and experienced drivers will make the trip this is getting more and more fun.


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Last changed Aug 24 2022 at 11:01 AM o'clock

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